2010年12月15日星期三

Free flooding of subsea pipeline

I have a problem to calculate a free flooding of offshore subsea pipeline. I would like to calculate it with as minimum aproximations as possible.The calculation is not so simple since the pressure in pipeline is changing as the pipeline is filled with water. The concept is to fill the pipeline from one side (deeper side)and to have a check valve at the other side.
Any equation for a start or a spreadsheet?
There could be several parameters that affect how the calculations could be done.

Contents: 
What will the pipeline contain at the time it is flooded?  Such as natural gas, crude oil, gas and oil?

Internal Pressures: 
What will be the pipeline's internal pressure profile at the time the valve opens?

External Pressures:
What is the pipeline's external pressure profile (depths of the pipeline)?
Before it couldn't be answered generally, since if the air pressure
inside at time of opening was greater than the sea water's pressure
outside, the calculations would have to include a step for pressure
equalization from escaping air from the lowest valve, before you could
assume the remaining air would be displaced to the highest valve(ball valve).

You
didn't mention the profile.  I think its possible that an undulating
pipeline profile may trap air at local high points.  That air might lock
at the high points and not free flow to the exit point.  Can you assume
there is a continuous constant slope from low to high?
Assuming a continuous slope, that's enough water pressure to compress
the air to roughly 11 barA, or 1/11th of the pipeline's air filled
inside volume at 1 BarA, if you opened the lower valve first without
opening the air escape valve.  Infow rate would be whatever the full
open Cv is of the valve times the differential pressure across the valve
at any given time, which would tend to reduce as the pipe filled, with
an inside pressure (P2) = appx = P1 x V1 / V2, where V1 is initial
volume and V2 is the volume of air at any given time.  Since pressures
arn't really too significant (compressibility factor of air = 1) I think
you could just assume some reasonable time steps and incrementally
calculate the inside volume, the inside pressure, outside pressure = 10
barG, and get the flowrate across the valve for the next timestep and
arrive at a reasonable approximation to the water filling rate through
that 4" valve.  Once the pressures had equalized, you could do the same
thing (kinda' in reverse) with opening the air escape valve and
calculating the airflow rate out as the water displaced it.

From the originalCheck Valve
.

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